Wikipedia provided a lot of options for the direction of my research paper. When I initially signed up to research the Achievement Gap in the United States, I didn’t fully understand the many factors that go into it. After reading the site, it has become obvious to me that I may need to focus on one or two influences of the Gap. Wikipedia said that the “Achievement gap refers to the observed and persistent disparity on a number of educational measures between the performance of groups of students, especially groups defined by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. The achievement gap can be observed on a variety of measures, including standardized test scores, grade point average, dropout rates, and college-enrollment and -completion rates.” There are many influences to the achievement gap and it’s important to note that school-life, community-life, and home-life all play a crucial role in the success of our students. The site also attempted to categorize the causes of the Achievement Gap into 3 main areas: Structure and institutional factors, early childhood investment, and environmental factors.

Possible sources (from Proquest) for my paper:

1. Ladson-Billings, G. (2006). From the achievement gap to the education debt: Understanding achievement in U.S. schools. Educational Researcher, 35(7), 3-12. Retrieved from

2. Chatterji, M. (2006). Reading achievement gaps, correlates, and moderators of early reading achievement: Evidence from the early childhood longitudinal study (ECLS) kindergarten to first grade sample. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98(3), 489-489. Retrieved from

3. Geoffroy, M., Cote, M. S., Giguere, C., Dionne, G., Zelazo, P. D., Tremblay, R. E., . . . Seguin, R. J. (2010). Closing the gap in   academic readiness and achievement: The role of early childcare. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(12), 1359-1367. Retrieved from